• Slide-4
  • Slide-7
  • Slide-9
  • Slide-9
  • Slide-5

Prehistoric Times (4500 - 1050 BC)

Grape vine is a self-sown plant in Greece, whose traces are found in the period prior to the Ice Age. Viticulture and winemaking in Greece are given human activities since the Prehistoric times. Many traces of wild grape vine have been found in various areas of the country (Thrace, Macedonia, Thessaly, Evia, Peloponnese), with some dating prior to the Neolithic Age. The cultivation of the domesticated grape vine begins in Greece, in several areas, during the 4th millennium BC

The first traces of winemaking in Greece is charred pips and grape skins, which are products of pressing of wild and domesticated grapes. According to these archaeological finds discovered at Philippi in eastern Macedonia, the first appearance of domesticated grapes in Greece, is dated back to the second half of the 5th millennium BC. In addition, other findings of grape pips were found in the tomb of Fotolivos in Drama, dating to 4000 BC approximately.

In Greece, during the 2nd millennium BC (Bronze Age), we have the rise of two of the most important ancient civilizations of Prehistoric times, in which we find the wine not only as an important commodity, but also as good of significant nutritional value. Initially we have the Minoan civilization, extending from Crete to the neighboring islands of the Aegean Sea, which had wine as one of the main goods of production and exporting activity. Since then, the cultivation of grape vines and the production of wine never stopped on the island with the oldest wine press of the world. Following, after the terrible eruption of Thera (Santorini), the Mycenaean civilization dominated the southern part of Greece and the Mediterranean, throughout the second half of the 2nd millennium. Historically, during the same period (13th century BC.), the Trojan War and the journey home of Odysseus is placed, as described in the Homeric epics "Iliad" and "Odyssey".