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Classical Period (480-323 BC)

The Classical period is characterized by the "Golden Age" of Athens of Pericles (5th century BC), a period synonymous with perfection and timelessness, the birth of democracy and philosophy, the construction of the Parthenon, the era of the big philosophers and the great classical authors. Similarly, this is a great period for the famous Greek wines of antiquity too, which enjoyed an tremendous boom through international trade.

A major characteristic of the Classical period, regarding wine, is the foundation of the basis of modern wine culture and law, as expressed nowadays with the designation of origin, the protection of winemaking, the specific wine terminology, wine tasting, sommeliers and wine critics. The inclusion of wine in daily life and social interaction, through the Attica’s symposia, was a catalytic factor for all these. At that time, wine played a significant role and contributed to Greek philosophy, as we know it through the works of Socrates, Plato and many other philosophers.

During the 4th century BC, where Athens is in constant conflict with Sparta and other city-states, the hegemony of Greece is taken by another Greek region, Macedonia, under the reign of Philip and then his son Alexander the Great. Both fans of Greek wine, helped in the addition of Amphipolis, Vergina, Pella and Philippi to the great winemaking centers. The wines of these regions stood equally worthy alongside the famous wines of the Aegean islands and gained a good reputation, which exists to this day. Thriving Macedonian art provided masterpieces of wine containers and vessels, while the great philosopher Aristotle described the vineyards and wines of his time, becoming a valuable source of information. Famous Wines of the Classical Period, was Ariousios from Chios, Mendaios from Halkidiki, Lesbian, Peparithios, Samios and Thasios (which is the first PDO wine in the world).