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Archaic Period (700-480 BC)

In the Archaic period, during the 7th century BC, cultivation of the grape vine has been spread widely in Greece. Accordingly, old and new winemaking techniques have been spread, such as the sun-drying of the grapes and the addition of various plants, herbs, honey and resin to preserve or to flavor the wine. Alongside, the worship of god Dionysus is spreading and through the Dionysian festivals, we see drama, tragedy and dramatic poetry growing.

Large viticulture centers of the periods are: Attica, Thasos, Naxos and Rhodes. During the period 700-480 BC, the use of amphorae propagates for the safe transport of wine in sea voyages, and as a consequence pottery art will develop several excellent examples of wine vessels. During the 6th century BC, Greek wines are gaining recognition and their demand is increasing and, a period of intense commercial activity follows, especially in the islands of the northern Aegean. It should be noted that the trade of Greek wines, from the Aegean islands and the coasts of the mainland, not only helps in the development of exports, but also in the spread of the Greek culture, language and religion. At that time, coins with grape vine and wine related depictions make their appearance.