Several are the ancient vineyards included among the historic vineyards of northern Greece, which produced several famous wines for centuries. Starting from Maronia in Thrace, we find the area that produced the famous Ismarikos wine or Maronite wine. A black, sweet wine, which as described by Homer, it was the favorite of Ulysses, with which Cyclops Polyphemus got drunk. Maronia in general is an area that always had exceptional wines.
The historical journey continues in Macedonia in mount Paggaio (Vivlina Mountains), where the famous Vivlinos wine was produced, from grapes of the Vivlia grape vine, and the Macedonian city of Philippi which was a large wine-producing center. In Halkidiki, we have the white wine Mendis, which for several centuries was a recognized and highly traded wine, followed by the wine Toronis and Acanthus other areas of Halkidiki. During the Byzantine period, in this region, the monasteries of Mount Athos developed viticulture and gradually created a great tradition in winemaking.
Going west, we find the Macedonian capital of Pella, which was a large Macedonian wine center, with famous wines during the Classical and Hellenistic periods. Continuing west, we find the vineyards of Naoussa, cultivating the indigenous variety Xinomavro, which gives exquisite aged red wines, which elicited great reviews from travelers during the Turkish occupation. A little further south, we find the vineyards of Siatista, which were of great recognition during the years of Ottoman rule and until its destruction by phylloxera in the late 19th century. It was known for its sun-dried wines (liasta) and its air-dried regional wines, produced by Moschomavro. Finally, reaching the west side of the country, the area of Epirus, we find the famous mountainous vineyard of Zitsa, which became known for its sparkling wines from the variety Debina.