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The Vineyards of Central Greece

The vineyards of central Greece start north of the boundary of Thessaly and the Pindos mountain range to the east and continue south to the natural boundary of the Gulf of Corinth, including Attica and Evia. Overall, comparing the individual areas listed, we see that it is a heterogeneous geological and morphological geographical area. This zone consists of 50,000 acres of vineyards, with the Attica region covering most of the vineyards of central Greece, with a total of 25,000 acres. Vineyards are found mainly in flat lands, despite the diversity of climate and topography of the area. The vineyards of central Greece are basically trained into goblets except for recent plantings, which are mainly indigenous varieties with the most common being Savatiano. The grapes of this zone are intended mostly for the production of table wines.


•    The vineyards of Mesenikola

In the village Mesenikolas, near the artificial lake Plastira is found the Mesenikola vineyard, cultivated on east exposed slopes and at altitudes that reach 700m. There we find red variety Mesenikola Black, the only place in Greece where this is cultivated, and also international varieties Syrah and Carignan up to 30% of the crop, to strengthen the local wine produced. The vineyards in this region are small and trained into goblets, and there are a few linear types. The variety Mesenikola Black matures in late September, because of mild climatic conditions in the region, due to the altitude and the nearby lake.


•    The vineyards of Anchialos

The vineyards of Anchialos, located on the shore of the Pagassitikos bay and are characterized by a smooth terrain with sandy loam soils. The clone of the well-known indigenous white varieties Roditis, which differs from the traditional Roditis because when it is fully ripe it does not develop the characteristic reddish color is cultivated in the vineyards of Anchialos. The vines are trained into goblets, and there are few recent linear plantings. In the Roditis cultivation a few acres of Savatiano have been added that complement the varietal composition of the region. Continuing in the neighboring Tyrnavos area in the Larissa district, in the linear vineyards, the white local variety Batiki is cultivated along with varieties Roditis and Muscat Hamburg, for the production of table wines and Retsina.


•    The vineyards of Fthiotida

In the area of Atalanti in Fthiotida, we find the cultivation of many indigenous as well as international varieties, the most important Cabernet Sauvignon. These varieties have adapted completely for almost three decades in the area's mild climate, which is transformed by the favorable impact of sea breezes, also by the cool air from Mount Parnassos. The area has experienced great development in recent years, with many positive results.


•    The vineyards of Viotia

In Viotia district, on the plains of Thebes, the varieties Savatiano and Roditis are cultivated, intended mainly for the production of table wines and Retsina. On the boundary between Attica and Viotia district, on the slopes of Mount Kithaeronas, modern linear plantings of various indigenous and international varieties can also be found.


•    The vineyards of Attica

The vineyards of Attica are located in the area Mesogia where Retsina is mainly produced, which is based, traditionally, on the variety Savatiano and to a lesser extent on Roditis. The soils of Attica have low fertility and are mainly sandy loams. The vineyards of Attica have the warmest and most dry climates in Greece, with an annual rainfall that does not exceed 480mm, and with less than 100mm falling during the summer months. The Savatiano thanks to its durability in hot and dry conditions, is optimally adapted to Attica. The vineyards are densely planted and trained into goblets while there are several linear vineyards planted with international grape varieties.